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Alexey Kokorin

Head, WWF Russia Climate and Energy Programme

Alexey Kokorin has been the Head of the Climate and Energy Program for WWF Russia since 2000. In 1981, he graduated from Moscow State University with honours, and later received graduate degrees in physics and mathematics from Moscow State University. From 1984 -1999, he worked as the Senior and then Leading Scientist at the Russian Academy of Science with a focus on atmospheric physics, environmental pollution, and climate change. Dr. Kokorin was involved in the UNFCCC negotiations as an official Russian delegate from 1994 to 1999 and as WWF’s delegate from 2000. He also participated in the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.  Dr. Kokorin has been the project leader or key expert for more than 20 international projects on climate change, mainly focusing on the UNFCCC negotiation process and climate policy in Russia and Central Asia countries. Dr. Kokorin has authored a wide range of ecological, economic, and policy studies on Russian and international climate policies and measures and more than 100 scientific papers.

Caitlyn Antrim

Executive Director, Rule of Law Committee for the Oceans

Caitlyn Antrim is the executive director of the Rule of Law Committee for the Oceans where she helps inform ocean and foreign policy decision-makers about the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. She has written and spoken extensively about the Convention as it relates to governance of the Arctic as it becomes increasingly accessible. Ms. Antrim has given presentations on the Arctic in an Age of Climate Change to the Naval War College, the Geospatial Intelligence Agency, and the American Branch of the International Law Association. She has taught Law of the Sea at the Washington College of Law and served on the board of directors of the Council on Ocean Law. Ms. Antrim also served as a US Deputy Representative to the Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea. After the conclusion of the negotiations in 1982, she served in the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment. In 1993, she became the founding director of the Delegate’s Computer Information Center of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Drought and Desertification. Her past work includes serving as director of the American Academy of Diplomacy’s Project on Multilateral Negotiation and as an advisor to the President of the Preparatory Committee for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. She earned her SBME from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After serving in the U.S. Navy, she returned to MIT to earn the professional degree of Environmental Engineer in 1977, specializing in ocean mineral development, international law, and public policy.

Erik J. Molenaar

Deputy Director, Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea, Utrecht University; Professor, Faculty of Law of the University of Tromsø, Norway

Erik J. Molenaar has been with the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS) at Utrecht University since 1994 and currently holds a position as Deputy Director. Since 2006 he has also been employed by the University of Tromsø, where he currently is a Professor at the K.G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea. After having completed his PhD on ‘Coastal State Jurisdiction over Vessel-Source Pollution’ (1998), he broadened his research field with international fisheries law and the international law relating to the Antarctic and Arctic. In addition to pure academic research, Dr. Molenaar also acted as a consultant for various governments, intergovernmental organizations, and private companies. His research and consultancy activities have led to, and benefitted from, his participation in various diplomatic conferences and other intergovernmental meetings, including the annual meetings of several regional fisheries management organizations.

Golo Bartsch

Associate, Ecologic Institute

Golo M. Bartsch is a German political scientist and military expert with a special focus on Arctic security affairs. From 1999 to 2011, he was an officer with the German Federal Armed Forces, where he worked as a foreign and security policy analyst for the Federal Ministry of Defence. He then joined  Ecologic Institute Berlin as an Associate specialized in environmental security issues. In September 2014, he will return to the Ministry of Defence as a desk officer within the Security and Defence Policy Department at Berlin. From January to June 2014, Mr. Bartsch conducted a study entitled “Climate Change and Security in the Arctic after 2014” for the Federal Armed Forces Planning Office, focusing on the security situation in the Arctic and possible spill-over effects from the current Ukrainian crisis. The study (German language) has recently been released to the public by the Ministry of Defence. Mr. Bartsch  studied political and social sciences and governance at Munich and Hagen. In his master’s thesis, he developed governance scenarios for an ice-free Arctic and assessed the security risks emerging from climate change in the High North. He is currently finalizing his PhD thesis entitled “Climate Change and Security in the Arctic – Definition of Terms and Comparative Analysis of Political Strategies for the 21st Century Northern Polar Region” (German language) at  Bielefeld University, Germany.

Gunnar Knapp

Director and Professor of Economics, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage

Gunnar Knapp has been on the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research faculty since 1981, and was appointed director in August 2013. He is an internationally recognized scholar for his work on fisheries markets and management of fisheries resources, in Alaska and worldwide. Much of Dr. Knapp’s work has focused on the Alaska salmon industry. He is the co-author of a book on competition between wild and farmed salmon and is currently writing a book, The Economics of Fish. Dr. Knapp has also done research on a wide variety of other Alaska economic and public policy issues, including markets for Alaska halibut, herring roe, and pollock; restructuring of Alaska salmon management; effects of the Alaska halibut and sablefish IFQ system; economic interactions between Alaska and the Russian Far East; and economic development of rural Alaska. For many years he has taught courses on the economy of Alaska and the economics of fish, and he frequently talks to public and private groups around Alaska about fisheries and other issues important to Alaskans.

Jessica Shadian

Associated Researcher, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland

Jessica Shadian is an Associated Researcher at the Arctic Centre, University of Lapland and holds an associated researcher position at the University of Tromsø. Dr. Shadian’s academic and private sector work focuses on the legal implications and governance challenges for Arctic resource development and indigenous sovereignty. Her scholarly publications have included work on Arctic resource governance, Inuit governance, the role of the EU in Arctic affairs, and the politics of Arctic science. She holds a PhD in Global Governance from the University of Delaware. Dr. Shadian spent one year at the Scott Polar Research Institute in Cambridge on a US National Science Foundation grant where she wrote her dissertation. Following this, she received a postdoctoral fellowship at the Barents Institute located on the Norwegian Arctic border with Russia before moving to Bodø, Norway as a Senior Researcher at the High North Center for Business and Governance at the University of Nordland. Most recently she was awarded an Aarhus Institute for Advanced Studies/Marie Curie COFUND fellowship to begin in October 2014. Dr. Shadian's latest book is entitled: The Politics of Arctic Sovereignty: Oil, Ice, and Inuit Governance. It is the first academic manuscript of the Inuit Circumpolar Council and offers a history of Inuit sovereignty reaching back to pre-European discovery.

Jim Gamble

Executive Director, Aleut International Association

Jim Gamble is the Aleut International Association’s Executive Director. The Aleut International Association (AIA) promotes continuity of Aleut culture between Alaska and the Russian Federation and the natural resources needed to sustain it.  Based in Anchorage, Alaska, AIA has member villages in Alaska and Russia and administers the Bering Sea Sub-Network, a distributed network of eight Alaskan and Russian villages working to detect Arctic environmental change.  AIA is a Permanent Participant in the Arctic Council where it is active in the Council’s working groups and task forces, and is also currently the Chair of the Indigenous Peoples Secretariat. Mr. Gamble is a graduate of the University of Alaska, Anchorage and is the current lead for AIA in the Arctic Council’s Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME), and Sustainable Development (SDWG) working groups as well as Task Forces on Oil Pollution Prevention, Black Carbon and Methane, and Scientific Cooperation. He has published articles on topics such as the connection between subsistence and culture, the Aleutians as a shipping crossroads, and the role of the Permanent Participants in the Arctic Council in The Circle, Embassy, and Northern Public Affairs.

Julia Schmale

Project Scientist, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies(IASS)

Julia Schmale is a project scientist at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potsdam, Germany, working at the science-society-policy interface for integrated strategies to air pollution and climate change mitigation. In addition to her current work that is primarily focused on stakeholder engagement and transdisciplinary research, she investigates long-range pollutant transport to the high altitude glaciers in Central Asia. Dr. Schmale did her PhD at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry on long-range air pollutants transport to the Arctic by conducting aerosol measurements on research aircraft. She also spent three months on the sub-Antarctic research station Bird Island, operated by the British Antarctic Survey, as a visiting scientist at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh, UK. Dr. Schmale has been an active member of the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS), leading the Research Activities Council and being a representative in the scientific steering committee of the Arctic Science Summit Week 2013. Since 2012, she has also been a member of the expert group for black carbon and ozone of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme. 

Lawson W. Brigham

Distinguished Professor of Geography & Arctic Policy, University of Alaska Fairbanks; Senior Fellow, Institute of the North in Anchorage

Lawson W. Brigham is a Distinguished Professor of Geography & Arctic Policy at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and Senior Fellow at the Institute of the North in Anchorage. He is currently a Commissioner on the Alaska Arctic Policy Commission.  Dr. Brigham was a career U.S. Coast Guard officer and commanded four Coast Guard cutters including the polar icebreaker Polar Sea on Arctic & Antarctic expeditions. During 2004-2009, he was chair of the Arctic Council’s Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment and Vice Chair of the Council’s working group on Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment.  Dr. Brigham has been a research fellow at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, a faculty member of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy and the Naval Postgraduate School, and Alaska Director of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission.  He is a graduate of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy (BS), a U.S. Naval War College distinguished graduate, and holds graduate degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (MS) and the University of Cambridge (MPhil & PhD).  His research interests have focused on the Russian maritime Arctic, Arctic climate change and futures, polar marine transportation, and polar geopolitics. Captain Brigham was a 2008 signer of the American Geographical Society’s Flier’s and Explorer’s Globe, the Society’s historic globe of exploration, in recognition of Polar Sea’s 1994 voyages becoming the first ship in history to reach the extreme ends of the global ocean.  He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the Arctic and was recently selected a member of the Norwegian Scientific Academy for Polar Research.

Sandra Cavalieri

Advisor, Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants; Associate, Ecologic Institute US

Sandra Cavalieri is an Advisor to the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) hosted by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). She is also an Associate at Ecologic Institute. She focuses on convening stakeholder dialogues to develop policy recommendations for Arctic environmental management. At Ecologic Institute, Ms. Cavalieri led the EU Arctic Footprint and Policy Assessment and projects on Transatlantic Policy Options for Supporting Adaptations in the Marine Arctic (TRANSFORM), Cooperation across the Atlantic for marine governance integration (CALAMAR), and Transforming Economies through Community (I-CITE) projects. Prior to joining Ecologic Institute, Ms. Cavalieri worked at The Nature Conservancy, where she collaborated with state and federal agencies to secure public funding for biodiversity and landscape conservation. She holds Master’s degrees in both Public Administration and Natural Resources Policy from North Carolina State University as well as a Bachelor’s degree in Religion and Environmental Science from Barnard College, Columbia University. As a student, she worked as a research assistant at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.

Sanjay Chaturvedi

Professor of Political Science, Centre for the Study of Geopolitics, Panjab University

Sanjay Chaturvedi is a Professor of Political Science at the Centre for the Study of Geopolitics at Panjab University. His area of specialization is the theory and practice of geopolitics, with special reference to Polar Regions and the Indian Ocean Region. His current research focuses on climate change in the Indian Ocean Region and the Polar Regions. Dr. Chaturvedi is an Associate of Indo-Pacific Governance Research Centre at The Adelaide University, was a Fellow of the India-China Institute at the New School in New York, and was also a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore. He was awarded the Nehru Centenary British Fellowship, followed by a Leverhulme Trust Research Grant, to pursue his post-doctoral research at Scott Polar Research Institute from 1992 to 1995. Dr. Chaturvedi serves on the international editorial board of leading peer-review journals and is a member of the Core Group of Experts on Antarctica and Southern Ocean and a member of the Indian delegation to Antarctic Treaty Consultative.

Timo Koivurova

Research Professor and the Director of the Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law at the Arctic Centre, University of Lapland

Timo Koivurova is a Research Professor and the Director of the Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law at the Arctic Centre, University of Lapland. He is also a Docent of International Law at the Faculty of Law, Economics and Business Administration/University of Eastern Finland and at the Faculty of Law/University of Turku. As a legal researcher, he has worked on issues related to environmental impact assessment, climate change law, mining law, the interplay between different levels of environmental law, the legal status of indigenous peoples, and more. Professor Koivurova has done general work in these issue-areas but also focused specifically on the Arctic region and has been involved as an expert in many international and Arctic regional processes. He has led numerous international research projects and served in several scientific publications, including serving as editor-in-chief of the Yearbook of Polar Law.  Professor Koivurova is the chair of the University of the Arctic's Arctic Law Thematic Network. He is also a board member in the Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS) ) and board member of the the Arctic Circle forum.

Victor Santos-Pedro

Board of Directors, QACE; Director, Marine Safety, Transport Canada (retired)

Victor Santos-Pedro has over 35 years’ experience dealing in marine matters, with an emphasis on regulatory issues and particularly Arctic shipping, and specializing in national and international consultations leading to progressive development and application of standards. Trained as Naval Architect, he retired from Transport Canada in 2011 as Director with responsibility for ship construction, equipment, and boating safety. Dr. Santos-Pedro is a Member of Board of Directors for QACE, an independent entity based in the UK providing oversight in the quality assessment of international rule-making marine organizations. He was the Canadian lead in the Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment report developed jointly with Finland and the U.S. for the Arctic Council. For many years Dr. Santos-Pedro was the Head of Delegation for Canada at the Maritime Safety Committee and other sub-committees at the IMO and led original development of the Polar Code starting in 1992.